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Common Spiders in BC

 

CROSS SPIDER

The cross spider is sandy brown to burnt orange with pale spots in a cross shape on its large abdomen. Female cross spiders are significantly larger than males growing to a body length of 20mm compared to 13mm.

ORDER/FAMILY

Araneae/Araneidae

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Araneus diadematus

BIOLOGY

Found from late summer until autumn, female cross spiders lay around 300 to 900 eggs. Spiderlings lay dormant throughout winter and hatch in spring with females dying soon after eggs are laid.

BEHAVIOUR

The cross spider is an orb-web spider known for constructing enormous circular webs to catch prey like flies and mosquitoes. They inhabit gardens, hedgerows, meadows and woodlands, and are often found in rural areas of BC including buildings with exterior lighting.

HOW TO GET RID OF CROSS SPIDERS

Cross spiders spin webs in locations with little or no wind. You can clear walkways, gates and windows by removing webs with a vacuum or broom. Sealing cracks around windows or doors can plug potential entry points too. Contact Terminix Canada’s BC branch so our team of professionals can remove cross spiders for good.

BLACK AND YELLOW GARDEN SPIDER

The black and yellow garden spider features silver hair with distinctive black and yellow markings along its abdomen. Female black and yellow garden spiders are much larger than males growing to a body length of 30mm compared to 8mm.

ORDER/FAMILY

Araneae/Araneidae

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Argiope aurantia

BIOLOGY

Breeding twice a year, female black and yellow garden spiders lay their eggs at night, producing one to four eggs sacs that each contains more than one thousand eggs. As cooler weather arrives, the female dies with spiderlings exiting the egg sacs in spring.

BEHAVIOUR

The black and yellow garden spider is an orb-web spider, known for constructing large webs that contain a distinctive zigzagged section called the stabilimentum. In BC, they commonly inhabit gardens and lawns with webs often discovered close to gaps in a home’s foundation on doorframes and windowsills.

HOW TO GET RID OF BLACK AND YELLOW GARDEN SPIDERS

It is recommended that homeowners get rid of black and yellow garden spiders by clearing away their webs and egg sacs with a vacuum or broom. Strong scents, such as tobacco, also deter spiders. You can also contact Terminix Canada’s BC branch that knows exactly how to get rid of black and yellow garden spiders.

FALSE BLACK WIDOW SPIDER

Easily mistaken for a black widow, the false black widow spider is brownish in colour with dotted pale markings. Featuring a round, bulbous abdomen, female false black widow spiders are larger than males growing to a body length of 15mm compared to 10mm.

ORDER/FAMILY

Araneae/Theridiidae

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Steatoda grossa

BIOLOGY

Breeding during the spring, female false black widow spiders produce three or more egg sacs each containing 200 or more eggs. Males have a life expectancy of 18 months but die shortly after mating.

BEHAVIOUR

False black widow spiders predominantly eat crawling insects such as pillbugs and sowbugs. An orb-web spider, they construct large webs but have very poor eyesight. In BC, they are often discovered on walls and fences, gardens as well as inhabiting the bark of trees and spots beneath rocks.

HOW TO GET RID OF FALSE BLACK WIDOW SPIDER

Thoroughly vacuuming areas where false black widow spiders inhabit will remove their webs. Additionally, sealing potential entry points such as porches and conservatories will reduce the likelihood of spiders getting inside your home. Above all, contacting a professional team like Terminix Canada’s BC branch is your best bet for removing this species for good.

ZEBRA JUMPING SPIDER

The zebra jumping spider earns its name from its distinctive black and white colouration with a solid band of white around the front of its abdomen. Female zebra jumping spiders can grow slightly larger than males at 5mm to 9mm compared to 5mm to 6mm.

ORDER/FAMILY

Araneae/Salticidae

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Salticus scenicus

BIOLOGY

Zebra jumping spiders breed once a year and mate between late spring and early summer. Females lay egg sacs with each containing between 15 to 25 eggs. Hatching in around three to four weeks, females guard the spiderlings until they can be independent. With a life expectancy of two to three years, females outlive males.

BEHAVIOUR

Terrestrial in nature, zebra jumping spiders live in solitude and don’t construct webs like most other species. Hunting during the daytime, they eat flies and mosquitoes. One of the most common jumping spiders found in BC, they often inhabit areas close to homes such as fences, walls and windowsills.

HOW TO GET RID OF ZEBRA JUMPING SPIDERS

Often, zebra jumping spiders breach homes and business by entering through wall cracks or poorly sealed windows and doors. Maintaining these potential entry points is vital to guard against any species entering your space. Thorough vacuuming can remove zebra jumping spiders themselves but getting rid of them is a job is best left to the professionals at Terminix Canada’s BC branch. Contact us today for permanent removal solutions.

CELLAR SPIDER

Often confused with daddy longlegs, cellar spiders have skinny bodies and long, spindly legs. Brown, tan, or grey in colour, there are two types of cellar spider species in BC. Long-bodied cellar spiders have a body length of 6mm to 8mm with front legs around 45mm to 50mm long. Their short-bodied counterparts have a body length of 1.6mm to 2mm with front legs around 8.5mm to 9.5mm long. They are among the most common spiders in BC.

ORDER/FAMILY

Araneae/Pholcidae

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Pholcus phalangioides

BIOLOGY

After taking a year to mature, cellar spiders can live for another 2 years. Female spiders hold 20-30 eggs until they hatch. Spiderlings will shed and change their skin 5 or 6 times before they mature.

BEHAVIOUR

Cellar spiders build their nests in close proximity of each other, creating web communities. They live primarily in basements and cellars, earning them their name, but also nest in crawl spaces, closets, attics, rock piles, and other dark, humid spaces.

HOW TO GET RID OF CELLAR SPIDERS

Get rid of cellar spiders by clearing away their webs and egg sacs with a vacuum or broom. Reducing the humidity in your home and limiting the spiders’ food source are also effective ways to end a cellar spider infestation. Contacting Terminix Canada’s BC branch is the way to go because our professionals know how to permanently remove this species.

WOLF SPIDER

Wolf spiders’ bodies range in size from less than 10mm to 35mm with a leg span of up to 75mm. They are patterned in black, brown, and grey hues, and rely on camouflage to survive. Because of their size and furry appearance, they can be confused with tarantulas.

ORDER/FAMILY

Araneae/Lycosidae

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Hogna aspersa

BIOLOGY

Wolf spiders are solitary spiders that only interact to mate, feed, or both. Female wolf spiders sometimes kill and eat the male after they mate. The female will then carry her eggs – over a hundred of them – in a silk sac under her abdomen until they hatch. Once hatched, the spiderlings cling to their mother’s abdomen for a few weeks before dispersing aerially.

BEHAVIOUR

Unlike most other spiders, wolf spiders hunt for their prey rather than building webs. They’re nocturnal and have the third-best eyesight of all spiders. Wolf spiders prey on other spiders, large bugs like grasshoppers and beetles, and the occasional small reptile. The common habitat for a wolf spider in BC is a basement, but they can also be found in garages, houseplants, near windows and other spots in the home.

HOW TO GET RID OF WOLF SPIDERS

Clearing your yard of debris, such as grass clippings, leaves, firewood, or mulch helps deter wolf spiders. Reducing the number of dark hiding spots in your garden will deter wolf spiders from nesting there. You can also contact Terminix Canada to help ensure the permanent removal of wolf spiders from your home or business.

 

 

 

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